Using Long Lenses
Using a optical lens to urge in about to the action or go on on a topic from a discreet distance is marvellously exciting, and may yield nice footage. however the high magnification of long tele and zoom lenses accentuates the consequences of camera shake caused by your inability to carry the camera and lens completely still. the consequences of wind, moving or shaking floors, residual vibration from camera mirrors flipping up simply before exposure, region haze, and warmth waves can even add issues.
Cold, tired, been drinking stimulants (coffee, tea, or cola)? They raise your issues. Avoid all if you’ll and don’t despair.
When handholding your camera and lens, begin with a quick film, ISO four hundred or higher. this may permit you to use higher shutter speeds (1/1000 sec and above) and minimize the consequences of shake in an exceedingly style of lighting conditions. Use the right stance: arms closely tucked into the body, elbows partly supported by the chest or abdomen, lens and camera balanced by the paw and arm.
Practice supporting and focusing the camera together with your paw, aim the camera slightly on top of the topic, take a deep breath, let the read drop to the right composition whereas eupneic, and gently press the shutter.
For support, realize a fence post, parked car, or plicate jacket. rest on it or rest your camera on prime of it whereas shooting. If you have got such a support, a 1/30 second exposure isn’t AN impossibility, even with a 500mm lens. You’ll be exploitation slower shutter speeds additional typically than you’d like. The minimum shutter speed rule of thumb for hand-holding an extended tele or telephoto lens is this: Slowest safe shutter speed = one over the lens distance.
For example, if you’re shooting with a 500mm f/4 lens, the limiting shutter speed for a hand-held shot would be one /500 second at the right aperture for a decent exposure. This rule applies to a properly-braced creative person standing on physical object.
Chest braces, rifle stocks, and similar devices aren’t as sensible as a light-weight monopod or stand. A monopod is simple to hold, and you’ll set it up as regards to anyplace.
It won’t permit you to line shutter speeds as slow as you’ll flee with employing a stand. however it’ll allow you to shoot safelythat is, while not a bodily fluid risk of image-softening shakeat speeds 2 or 3 steps slower than you’d need to use if you were shooting hand-held. that will build it attainable to shoot in lower lightweight, and/or to use a slower, finer-grained film.
Get a monopod that may be raised to your eye level, is fast and straightforward to line up. If you shoot a great deal of verticals, you’ll need to feature a decent swivel ball head for mobility.
A stand is that the best device for insuring token effects from vibration with an extended tele or telephoto lens. With a durable one, you’ll use slower shutter speeds and lower ISO-higher resolution films. If you own a shaky stand, tie a 3 to 5 pound weight to the middle column for additional stability.
Physically long teles ought to have stand-mounting collars to connect the lens at the right pivot to the tripod instead of the camera. you’ll additionally use a secondary support for the camera like Bogen’s Long Lens Support. This telescoping brace attaches to most stand legs via a universal clamp at one finish and a swivel ball head for the camera at the opposite. The brace makes it tougher to alter camera position, however it significantly lessens the consequences of vibration.
If you’re on shaky ground, tripods won’t facilitate. They’ll truly transmit the motion right to the lens and camera. It’s higher to appendage the camera if you’ll set an inexpensive shutter speed, and let your body damp the vibration.
Atmospheric haze and warmth waves can’t invariably be eliminated, however employing a haze or polarizing filter will facilitate pass the haze and increase color saturation and distinction. Also, use your lens hood, or shade the lens, to attenuate the likelihood of flare.
Few techniques in photography need additional experience and ability than the self-made use of an extended tele or telephoto lens. If you would like to become more adept, practice, practice, practice!